あいが こころケア Aiga Kokoro Care 相賀ゆか 公認心理療法士・カウンセラー

あいが こころケア Aiga Kokoro Care 相賀ゆか 公認心理療法士・カウンセラー

あいが こころケア Aiga Kokoro Care 相賀ゆか 公認心理療法士・カウンセラーあいが こころケア Aiga Kokoro Care 相賀ゆか 公認心理療法士・カウンセラー







Anxiety Disorder

Like depression, it is normal for everybody to feel anxious from time to time however, clinical anxiety which requires treatment involves more severe symptoms which interfere with daily activities. Common behaviours include fear to leave the house, cross the street or entering closed spaces which may seem irrational to other people. 

Panic disorder

  • The main symptom includes frequent panic attacks which are abrupt feelings of intense fear causing increased heartbeat, breathing difficulties and sweating for around 10 minutes 
  • Frequently appear in teens and young adults under the age of 25
  • Often associated with major life changes such as marriage, college, giving birth 

Social anxiety disorder

  • Difficulties talking to new people or attending social gatherings 
  • Affects the patient’s ability to go to school, work or develop close relationships with anybody including their family and friends 
  • Symptoms include worrying intensely about social events days in advance, needing alcohol to overcome social events, feeling judged by everybody 
  • May be caused by experiences with bullying, family conflict, sexual abuse

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)

  • Feeling the need to complete simple tasks repeatedly with abnormal effort 
  • Needing to check things repeatedly for reassurance 
  • Feeling anxiety at unsymmetrical things 
  • Fear of physical contact
  • Constant need to wash hands 
  • Spending an hour on repetitive thoughts, phrases or actions 
  • Mostly occurs before the age of 25 

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

  • Occurs after a being in or witnessing a traumatic experience 
  • Traumatic events often include natural disasters, deaths, sexual abuse or assault
  • Symptoms include vivid flashbacks or memory loss on the particular event 
  • Inability to express personal emotions
  • Bursts of anger exaggerated response to trivial things 
  • Negative thoughts towards yourself 
  • Insomnia 
  • Associated with panic attacks 


Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist in Singapore

相賀ゆか / シンガポール在住カウンセラー・結婚家族療法士 



Adjustment Disorder

Dealing with primarily Japanese clients, Yuka specialises in sessions with clients facing adjustment disorders, being unused to a sudden change in environment or lifestyle. Adjustment disorders include stress and sadness resulting from trigger events such as a divorce, general life changes, health issues in yourself or a loved one, moving away from your home or financial issues. Patients may experience themselves reacting irrationally or excessively to minor life stressors. All symptoms of anxiety and depression in adjustment disorders occur within three months that the stressor has taken place and last no longer than six months after it has ended. 


Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist in Singapore

相賀ゆか / シンガポール在住カウンセラー・結婚家族療法士 



What is Psychotherapy?

Psychotherapy is described as a method of treating psychology/mental disorders and distress, primarily through communication and the use of scientifically validated procedures. Through these processes, clients are able to learn coping mechanisms towards the particular illness or source of stress they may be dealing with, by developing a healthier mindset and habits. 

There is a wide range of psychotherapy techniques which are used depending on the client’s conditions, however, the main similarity between them is that the treatment is primarily verbal. Also known as talk therapy, communicating by verbalising thoughts and internal conflicts is the key to overcoming the problematic situation. By working together with a psychotherapist, clients are able to clearly identify their source of distress and overcome the obstacles that are causing their mental or social discomfort. 

Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist





Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy which combines practices of mindfulness and cognitive therapy to treat different kinds of psychological distress. Mindfulness is a practice of Buddhism which involves practising breathing exercises and mindful meditation. By incorporating this into cognitive therapy which involves making the clients realise the relationship between their thoughts and feelings, it allows them to accept their negative emotions instead of avoiding them. Through accepting, clients can establish healthier coping mechanisms with negative thought patterns as the regular practice of meditation allows them to control their emotions better when feeling underwhelmed. 

The programme is normally used to treat clients with stress, depression, anxiety or any repetitive thoughts or emotions and lasts up to 8 weeks. Most of the practice is done outside of class as the clients are recommended to self-direct the concepts that the therapist suggests to them and incorporate the mindfulness activities into their everyday lifestyle. 

 Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist in Singapore

相賀ゆか / シンガポール 在住 カウンセラー・結婚家族療法士 




Depression can be mainly divided into two types being “regular” depression which everybody experiences when they feel under the weather or clinical depression which requires treatment. Clinical depression is regarded as a mood disorder which causes symptoms such as a sudden lack of interest in anything including actions that normally bring pleasure, a constant feeling of sadness and in serious cases, losing the motivation to carry on with simple daily activities. The common types of depression include

  • Major Depressive Disorder 
    • Causes Changes in weight
    • Insomnia 
    • Constant feelings of fatigue, guilt or worthlessness
    • Lack of concentration
    • Repetitive thoughts of death and suicide

  • Bipolar Disorder
    • Affects the patient’s sense of reality 
    • insomnia, lethargy
    • Unexplained aches
    • Loss of self-esteem
    • Irritability and anxiety
    • Sudden disorganization and indecisiveness

  • Postpartum Depression
    • Occurs in women who have recently given birth, causing hormonal shifts
    • Constant sadness, confusion 
    • Hallucinations 

  • Atypical Depression
    • Experiences signs of depression occasionally but still feel emotions of excitement and joy at a positive event 
    • Excessive eating or weight gain
    • Excessive sleep
    • Fatigue, weakness
    • Sensitivity, overreactive responses

Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist in Singapore

相賀ゆか / シンガポール在住カウンセラー・結婚家族療法士 



What types of psychotherapy are there?

To categorise psychotherapy largely, it can be summarised into individual therapy, couple therapy, group therapy and family therapy 

Individual therapy

Individual therapy is for clients who wish to address their patterns of thinkings freely. In response, the counsellor can offer a non-judgemental perspective on the issue to help them come to better terms with those feelings. 

Couple therapy

Couple therapy offers help for clients who may be facing relationship struggles due to changes in a life circumstance, feeling more distant, frequent arguments, problems controlling jealousy or anger or recovering from affairs etc. Counsellors suggest ways to rebuild communication and conflict resolution skills for a more satisfying relationship on both sides.  

Group therapy

Group therapy is intended for those who want to improve their ability to interact and handle problems in a group situation. By each member of the group addressing their interpersonal problems and interacting with each other and the therapist, the group will be able to grow not just collectively but as individuals.  

Family therapy

Family therapy focuses on building a healthier family relationship through interactions and addressing the psychological situation of each family member. The therapist can influence conversations, taking in the social, financial, cultural and religious context of the family to offer the most beneficial ways each member can support each other.  

 In regards to couple or family therapy, as a counsellor who has trained in the US, apart from Japanese clients, Yuka specialises in offering psychotherapy sessions for international couples or families as well. (eg. a Japanese client with a Singaporean partner)  


 Yuka Aiga Tay, Japanese Speaking Counsellor, Marriage and Family Therapist in Singapore

相賀ゆか / シンガポール 在住 カウンセラー・結婚家族療法士